Government backs UK’s first quantum computer to be built in Oxfordshire

Photo shows: The new quantum computer will be developed by USA tech company Rigetti Computing
Rigetti Quantum Computer

The UK’s first quantum computer to be commercially available to businesses will be located at Harwell Campus near Abingdon in Oxfordshire.

The new machine will be developed alongside experts from Oxford, London, Bristol and Edinburgh.

Backed by £10 million government and industry investment, this new machine will strengthen the UK’s offer to businesses wanting to explore how they could harness the power of quantum computing in the future.

Quantum computing offers the chance for businesses to find better or quicker ways to solve problems, many of which are not possible using standard computers. Industries including pharmaceuticals, aerospace and transport that substantially contribute to the UK economy are set to benefit most. This is because this technology could help them to accelerate the discovery of new drug treatments, improve the efficiency of global supply chains including across food, automotive and aerospace sectors, and cut road traffic in towns and cities, shortening people’s commuting times while reducing pollution levels – and benefiting people’s lives and businesses.

By 2024, quantum computing is expected to provide £4 billion of economic opportunities globally, while in the coming decades productivity gains resulting from quantum computing are expected to surpass over £341 billion globally.

The new quantum computer will be developed by USA tech company Rigetti Computing, which also developed a cloud-based platform allowing computer programmers to write quantum algorithms. It will work alongside Oxford Instruments, Standard Chartered and Bristol and London-based quantum software start-up Phasecraft, as well as the University of Edinburgh.

Rigetti’s decision to base the computer in the UK is testament to the country’s strong network of leading companies and talent focused on this emerging technology.

Science Minister Amanda Solloway said: “Our ambition is to be the world’s first quantum-ready economy, which could provide UK businesses and industries with billions of pounds worth of opportunities. Therefore, I am delighted that companies across the country will have access to our first commercial quantum computer, to be based in Abingdon.

“This a key part of our plan to build back better using the latest technology, attract the brightest and best talent to the UK and encourage world-leading companies to invest here.”

CEO of Rigetti Computing Chad Rigetti added: “We are excited to deliver the UK’s first quantum computer and help accelerate the development of practical algorithms and applications.

“By providing access to quantum hardware, the collaboration aims to unlock new capabilities within the thriving UK ecosystem of quantum information science researchers, start-ups, and enterprises who have already begun to explore the potential impact of quantum computing.

There are currently only a small number of quantum computing platforms being developed around the world. Today’s announcement will help promote quantum computing across the UK economy, providing businesses with the best opportunity to take advantage of these new technologies in the years to come.

Amanda Solloway was speaking at the Quantum Summit and marking the start of London Tech Week today.

Driving the UK towards its quantum-ready ambition, Minster Solloway also launched the UK’s the National Quantum Computer Centre, based at the Harwell Campus in Oxfordshire, which will place the UK at the forefront of this transformative new technology.

The Centre will bring together academia, businesses and the government to address key challenges to quantum computing, such as scaling-up this technology and making it commercially viable and explore how they can create economic value. Working closely with industry and the research community, the Centre will also provide businesses and research institutions with access to quantum computers as they are developed around the world and grow the UK’s thriving quantum computing industry.

The government first announced it would establish the National Quantum Computing Centre in 2018 and has committed to invest £93 million in the venture.

UK Research and Innovation Chief Executive, Professor Dame Ottoline Leyser, said: “Quantum computers are extraordinary new tools with the potential to allow us to tackle previously insurmountable challenges, promising benefits for all of society through applications in areas such as drug discovery and traffic optimisation.

“The National Quantum Computing Centre will tackle the key bottlenecks in quantum computing by bringing together experts from across the UK’s outstanding research and innovation system from academia and industry to unlock the potential of this exciting new technology.”

Dr Michael Cuthbert National Quantum Computing Centre Director said: “I am pleased with the progress made on the formal structures and governance of the centre. The next steps initiating centre recruitment and commissioning technology work packages are very welcome tangible steps as the centre moves from initialisation and conceptual design to facility construction and operational delivery.”